blob: 6aac3f288073428b9b80cf5755b9b83ec4d25b82 [file] [log] [blame]
\fBhashlimit\fP uses hash buckets to express a rate limiting match (like the
\fBlimit\fP match) for a group of connections using a \fBsingle\fP iptables
rule. Grouping can be done per-hostgroup (source and/or destination address)
and/or per-port. It gives you the ability to express "\fIN\fP packets per time
quantum per group" or "\fIN\fP bytes per seconds" (see below for some examples).
A hash limit option (\fB\-\-hashlimit\-upto\fP, \fB\-\-hashlimit\-above\fP) and
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-name\fP are required.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-upto\fP \fIamount\fP[\fB/second\fP|\fB/minute\fP|\fB/hour\fP|\fB/day\fP]
Match if the rate is below or equal to \fIamount\fP/quantum. It is specified either as
a number, with an optional time quantum suffix (the default is 3/hour), or as
\fIamount\fPb/second (number of bytes per second).
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-above\fP \fIamount\fP[\fB/second\fP|\fB/minute\fP|\fB/hour\fP|\fB/day\fP]
Match if the rate is above \fIamount\fP/quantum.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-burst\fP \fIamount\fP
Maximum initial number of packets to match: this number gets recharged by one
every time the limit specified above is not reached, up to this number; the
default is 5. When byte-based rate matching is requested, this option specifies
the amount of bytes that can exceed the given rate. This option should be used
with caution -- if the entry expires, the burst value is reset too.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-mode\fP {\fBsrcip\fP|\fBsrcport\fP|\fBdstip\fP|\fBdstport\fP}\fB,\fP...
A comma-separated list of objects to take into consideration. If no
\-\-hashlimit\-mode option is given, hashlimit acts like limit, but at the
expensive of doing the hash housekeeping.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-srcmask\fP \fIprefix\fP
When \-\-hashlimit\-mode srcip is used, all source addresses encountered will be
grouped according to the given prefix length and the so-created subnet will be
subject to hashlimit. \fIprefix\fP must be between (inclusive) 0 and 32. Note
that \-\-hashlimit\-srcmask 0 is basically doing the same thing as not specifying
srcip for \-\-hashlimit\-mode, but is technically more expensive.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-dstmask\fP \fIprefix\fP
Like \-\-hashlimit\-srcmask, but for destination addresses.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-name\fP \fIfoo\fP
The name for the /proc/net/ipt_hashlimit/foo entry.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-htable\-size\fP \fIbuckets\fP
The number of buckets of the hash table
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-htable\-max\fP \fIentries\fP
Maximum entries in the hash.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-htable\-expire\fP \fImsec\fP
After how many milliseconds do hash entries expire.
\fB\-\-hashlimit\-htable\-gcinterval\fP \fImsec\fP
How many milliseconds between garbage collection intervals.
matching on source host
"1000 packets per second for every host in" =>
\-s \-\-hashlimit\-mode srcip \-\-hashlimit\-upto 1000/sec
matching on source port
"100 packets per second for every service of" =>
\-s \-\-hashlimit\-mode srcport \-\-hashlimit\-upto 100/sec
matching on subnet
"10000 packets per minute for every /28 subnet (groups of 8 addresses)
in" =>
\-s \-\-hashlimit\-mask 28 \-\-hashlimit\-upto 10000/min
matching bytes per second
"flows exceeding 512kbyte/s" =>
\-\-hashlimit-mode srcip,dstip,srcport,dstport \-\-hashlimit\-above 512kb/s
matching bytes per second
"hosts that exceed 512kbyte/s, but permit up to 1Megabytes without matching"
\-\-hashlimit-mode dstip \-\-hashlimit\-above 512kb/s \-\-hashlimit-burst 1mb